Difference between revisions of "Joseph Smith Jr. (1805-1844)"

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{|class="wikitable" style="float: right; padding: 1em; margin: 2em; width: 30%; min-width: 250px;"
 
{|class="wikitable" style="float: right; padding: 1em; margin: 2em; width: 30%; min-width: 250px;"
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|colspan="2"|[[File:Joseph Smith, Jr. portrait owned by Joseph Smith III.jpg|thumb|center]]
 
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|'''Alternate Names'''||
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|'''Alternate Names'''|| Brother Joseph, Joe Smith
 
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|'''Birth'''||23 December 1805<br> Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont, United States
 
|'''Birth'''||23 December 1805<br> Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont, United States
 
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|'''Marriage'''||
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|'''Marriage'''||[[Wives of Joseph Smith]]
 
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|'''Death'''||27 June 1844<br>Carthage, Hancock Co., Illinois, United States
 
|'''Death'''||27 June 1844<br>Carthage, Hancock Co., Illinois, United States
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|'''Gender'''||[[:Category:Male|Male]]
 
|'''Gender'''||[[:Category:Male|Male]]
 
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|'''Religious Influence'''||
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|'''Religious Influence'''|| [[:Category:Church of Christ (1830)|Church of Christ]]
 
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|'''Callings'''||
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|'''Callings'''|| President of the [[:Category:Church of Christ (1830)|Church of Christ]], 25 January 1832 - 27 June 1844<br>
 
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|'''Occupation'''||
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|'''Occupations'''|| Mayor of Nauvoo (Illinois), 19 May 1842 - 27 June 1844
 
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|'''Related Entries'''||
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|colspan="2" style="text-align:center"|'''Authority Control'''
 
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|colspan="2" style="text-align:center"|'''External Links'''
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|'''DBpedia'''|| [http://dbpedia.org/page/Joseph_Smith Joseph Smith]
 
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|'''FamilySearch ID'''||
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|'''FamilySearch'''|| [https://familysearch.org/tree/#view=ancestor&person=KWJY-BPD KWJY-BPD]
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|-
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|'''GND'''|| [https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?query=idn%3D118927132&method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true 118927132]
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|-
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|'''ISNI'''|| [http://isni-url.oclc.nl/isni/0000000120999198 0000 0001 2099 9198]
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|'''JSPP'''|| [http://josephsmithpapers.org/article/?target=X7063&loc=front Joseph Smith and His Papers: An Introduction]
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|'''LCCN'''|| [http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79006976.html n79006976]
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|-
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|'''VIAF'''|| [https://viaf.org/viaf/24609983/ 24609983]
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|-
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|'''Wikidata'''|| [http://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q47102 Q47102]
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|-
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|'''Wikipedia'''|| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Smith Joseph Smith]
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|-
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|'''WorldCat'''|| [http://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n79-6976/ Smith, Joseph Jr 1805-1844]
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''Joseph Smith, Jr.''' is the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was born in Vermont on 23 December 1805. He participated in the organization of the Church on 6 April 1830. On 25 January 1832 he was sustained as President of the Church and he served in the position until his death on 27 June 1844.
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'''Joseph Smith, Jr.''' is the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was born in Vermont on 23 December 1805 to [[Joseph Smith, Sr. (1771-1840)|Joseph Smith, Sr.]] and [[Lucy Mack (1775-1856)|Lucy Mack]].<ref>History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 1, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=1</ref> Around 1820, Joseph claimed to receive a vision of God the Father and Jesus Christ.<ref>"Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision of Deity," Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/site/accounts-of-the-first-vision</ref> This event led to his eventual publication of ''The Book of Mormon'' and organization of the [[:Category:Church of Christ (1830)|Church of Christ]], events that began the Latter Day Saint movement. Joseph claimed to receive another heavenly visitation in 1823. This time it was the Angel Moroni telling Joseph about an ancient civilization and their record, which was engraved on golden plates.<ref>History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 5, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=4#!/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834&p=5</ref> He met [[Emma Hale (1804-1879)|Emma Hale]] and the two were wed on 18 January 1827.<ref>History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 8, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=10</ref><ref>Joseph Smith III. “Last Testimony of Sister Emma.” ''Saints’ Herald'' 26, no. 19 (1 October 1879): 289. http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179</ref> Later that year, Joseph obtained the golden plates shown him by Moroni.<ref>History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 8, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=10</ref> He translated ''The Book of Mormon'' and published it in early 1830.<ref>"The Book of Mormon," ''The Wayne Sentinel'' 7,  no. 27 (26 March 1830): 3, https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE3513816</ref> A short time later, Joseph participated in the organization of the [[:Category:Church of Christ (1830)|Church of Christ]] on 6 April 1830.<ref>Revelation, 6 April 1830, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-6-april-1830-dc-21</ref><ref>History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 37, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=43</ref> On 25 January 1832 he was sustained as President of the Church and he served in the position until his death. He also became the mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois, on 19 May 1842.<ref>Nauvoo (Ill.) records, 1841-1845, entry for 19 May 1842, https://eadview.lds.org/findingaid/MS%2016800/?componentid=429554</ref> He practiced polygamy and was married to a disputed number of women (see [[Wives of Joseph Smith]]). After being taken to Carthage, Illinois, he was murdered by a mob on 27 June 1844.<ref>"Awful Assassination of Joseph and Hyrum Smith:--The Pledged Faith of the State of Illinois Stained with Innocent Blood by a Mob," ''Times and Seasons,'' 5, no. 12 (1 July 1844): 560-61, http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/NCMP1820-1846/id/8270</ref><ref>LDS Church, ''Doctrine and Covenants'' section 135, https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/135</ref>
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==Published Works==
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* ''The Book of Mormon'' ([http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/book-of-mormon-1830 1830], [http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/book-of-mormon-1837 1837], [http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/book-of-mormon-1840 1840], [http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/book-of-mormon-1841 1841])
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* ''Book of Commandments'' ([http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/book-of-commandments-1833 1833])
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* ''Doctrine and Covenants'' ([http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/doctrine-and-covenants-1835 1835], [http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/doctrine-and-covenants-1844 1844])
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* ''Book of Abraham'', from the ''Times and Seasons'' ([http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/book-of-abraham-early-1842 1842])
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* ''Pearl of Great Price'' (1851)
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==Bibliography==
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===Primary Sources===
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* The Joseph Smith Papers. http://josephsmithpapers.org/.
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===Secondary Sources===
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* Brodie, Fawn M. ''No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith''. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1971.
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* Bushman, Richard Lyman. ''Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling''. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.
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* Cannon, George Q. ''The Life of Joseph Smith, the Prophet''. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1888. https://archive.org/details/lifeofjosephsmit00cann (accessed 19 June 2014).
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* ______. ''The Latter-day Prophet: History of Joseph Smith Written for Young People''. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1900. https://archive.org/details/latterdayprophet00canno (accessed 19 June 2014).
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* ______. ''The Latter-day Prophet: Young People's History of Joseph Smith''. Salt Lake City: The Deseret News, 1914. https://archive.org/details/latterdayprophet00cann (accessed 19 June 2014).
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* Compton, Todd. ''In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith''. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1997.
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* Garr, Arnold K. "Joseph Smith: Mayor of Nauvoo." ''Mormon Historical Studies'' (): 29-46. http://mormonhistoricsites.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/MHS3.1Spring2002Garr.pdf (accessed 12 Mar 2015).
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* Jenson, Andrew. "Smith, Joseph, junior." ''LDS Biographical Encyclopedia'', vol. 1. Salt Lake City: Andrew Jenson History Company, 1901. Pages 1-8. http://archive.org/stream/latterdaysaintbi01bjens#page/n9/mode/2up (accessed 31 Jan 2015).
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* Joseph Smith Chronology. http://josephsmith.byu.edu/
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* Joseph Smith, Prophets of the Restoration videos. http://history.lds.org/article/joseph-smith-video-downloads
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* Orton, Chad M. and Slaugher, William W. ''Joseph Smith's America: His Life and Times.'' Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005.
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* Smith, Lucy Mack. ''Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Generations''. Liverpool: Published for Orson Pratt by S. W. Richards, 1853. https://archive.org/details/BiographicalSketchesOfJosephSmithTheProphet (accessed 26 June 2014).
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* Van Wagoner, Richard S. ''Natural Born Seer: Joseph Smith, American Prophet, 1805-1830''. : Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2016.
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==Related Entries==
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* [[Joseph Smith Sr. (1771-1840)]] (parent)
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* [[Lucy Mack (1775-1856)]] (parent)
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* [[Emma Hale (1804-1879)]] (wife)
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* [[Joseph Smith III (1832-1914)]] (child)
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==References==
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<references/>
  
 
[[Category:Male]]
 
[[Category:Male]]
[[Category:Person]]
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[[Category:Church of Christ (1830)]]
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[[Category:Apostles]]
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[[Category:Zion's Camp]]
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[[Category:Nauvoo Legion]]
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[[Category:Nauvoo Masonic Lodge]]
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[[Category:Church of Christ (Temple Lot)]]
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[[Category:Church of Christ (Whitmerite)]]
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[[Category:Community of Christ]]
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[[Category:Prophet-President of the Church (CoC)]]
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[[Category:First Presidency (CoC)]]
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[[Category:Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]]
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[[Category:Presidents of the Church (LDS)]]
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[[Category:First Presidency (LDS)]]
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[[Category:Restoration Branches]]

Latest revision as of 23:35, 2 December 2016

Alternate Names Brother Joseph, Joe Smith
Birth 23 December 1805
Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont, United States
Marriage Wives of Joseph Smith
Death 27 June 1844
Carthage, Hancock Co., Illinois, United States
Gender Male
Religious Influence Church of Christ
Callings President of the Church of Christ, 25 January 1832 - 27 June 1844
Occupations Mayor of Nauvoo (Illinois), 19 May 1842 - 27 June 1844
Authority Control
DBpedia Joseph Smith
FamilySearch KWJY-BPD
GND 118927132
ISNI 0000 0001 2099 9198
JSPP Joseph Smith and His Papers: An Introduction
LCCN n79006976
VIAF 24609983
Wikidata Q47102
Wikipedia Joseph Smith
WorldCat Smith, Joseph Jr 1805-1844

Joseph Smith, Jr. is the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was born in Vermont on 23 December 1805 to Joseph Smith, Sr. and Lucy Mack.[1] Around 1820, Joseph claimed to receive a vision of God the Father and Jesus Christ.[2] This event led to his eventual publication of The Book of Mormon and organization of the Church of Christ, events that began the Latter Day Saint movement. Joseph claimed to receive another heavenly visitation in 1823. This time it was the Angel Moroni telling Joseph about an ancient civilization and their record, which was engraved on golden plates.[3] He met Emma Hale and the two were wed on 18 January 1827.[4][5] Later that year, Joseph obtained the golden plates shown him by Moroni.[6] He translated The Book of Mormon and published it in early 1830.[7] A short time later, Joseph participated in the organization of the Church of Christ on 6 April 1830.[8][9] On 25 January 1832 he was sustained as President of the Church and he served in the position until his death. He also became the mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois, on 19 May 1842.[10] He practiced polygamy and was married to a disputed number of women (see Wives of Joseph Smith). After being taken to Carthage, Illinois, he was murdered by a mob on 27 June 1844.[11][12]

Published Works

  • The Book of Mormon (1830, 1837, 1840, 1841)
  • Book of Commandments (1833)
  • Doctrine and Covenants (1835, 1844)
  • Book of Abraham, from the Times and Seasons (1842)
  • Pearl of Great Price (1851)

Bibliography

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

Related Entries

References

  1. History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 1, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=1
  2. "Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision of Deity," Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/site/accounts-of-the-first-vision
  3. History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 5, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=4#!/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834&p=5
  4. History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 8, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=10
  5. Joseph Smith III. “Last Testimony of Sister Emma.” Saints’ Herald 26, no. 19 (1 October 1879): 289. http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
  6. History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 8, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=10
  7. "The Book of Mormon," The Wayne Sentinel 7, no. 27 (26 March 1830): 3, https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE3513816
  8. Revelation, 6 April 1830, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-6-april-1830-dc-21
  9. History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 37, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=43
  10. Nauvoo (Ill.) records, 1841-1845, entry for 19 May 1842, https://eadview.lds.org/findingaid/MS%2016800/?componentid=429554
  11. "Awful Assassination of Joseph and Hyrum Smith:--The Pledged Faith of the State of Illinois Stained with Innocent Blood by a Mob," Times and Seasons, 5, no. 12 (1 July 1844): 560-61, http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/NCMP1820-1846/id/8270
  12. LDS Church, Doctrine and Covenants section 135, https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/135